The actors

This strategy aims to achieve improve in a problem area that is both complex and characterised by multiple factors: urban cleanliness in the Brussels-Capital Region. It includes a range of very diverse measures, to be taken by

Public bodies

A new, coordinated approach is needed between the different actors, as well as new infrastructure and operational modifications with regard to both collection and cleaning, with a view to improving cleanliness.


Provision of information, communication, citizen participation, awareness-raising and education need to be increased, but enforcement also needs to be increased, taking account of lessons learned from behavioural science.

Private sector

Corporate accountability needs to be increased through various mechanisms, both with regard to waste prevention and in terms of raising consumer awareness and financing the cleaning-up and processing of litter.